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ARTH 375 / AMES 390 - Cities in the Modern Middle East

Format for Bibliography and Sources

The following are guidelines for formatting your bibliography and footnotes.  For additional information see the citation guide in the Art & Art History Research Guide.

 

  • When quoting from a source, attribute the quote, set it off by quotation marks, and indicate your source by a superscripted number:
    • Sample format:
      • According to Gwendolyn Wright: “Theory and practice in the colonies referred back to France.”2
  • When using information from a source, without quoting directly from it, you should use only a superscripted number:
    • Sample format:
      • Colonies were shaped on the image of the metropole.3
    • Sample footnote or endnote format:
      • 1 Gwendolyn Wright, The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism (Chicago, Chicago University Press: 1996), 6.
    • Citations from the same book appear in the following manner:
      • 4 Wright, 12.
    • Or, if citations from the same book appear together:
      • 5 Ibid., 13.
  • A bibliography should follow your endnotes or footnotes.
    • Sample format for books:
      • Wright, Gwendolyn. The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism (Chicago, Chicago University Press: 1996).
    • Sample format for articles:
      • Wright, Gwendolyn. “Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900-1930” Journal of Modern History, v. 59, n. 2 (Jun. 1987): 40-75.
  • Illustrations should be identified in the text as follows:
    • The new urban square is laid out in a cross-axial manner (fig. 3).
  • A list of illustrations should appear before the bibliography.
    • Sample format:
      • Fig. 1: View of the Casbah from Gwendolyn Wright, “Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900-1930” Journal of Modern History, v. 59, n. 2 (Jun. 1987): 45.
  • Carefully cropped and captioned illustrations should appear at the end of your paper, marked with the appropriate figure numbers.